There’s more to learn about wines than its price and food pairing. Wineries are armed with the numerous intricate details of winemaking. The type of wine depends on the grape variety it is made from. It is worth noting that wine grapes have thousands of varieties.
Three Major Types of Wine
Made from dark colored grapes (black, red and purple). Grape skins are included when making this wine. The polyphenols, specifically, tannins found in grape skins give the bitter and astringent flavors. This is why red wines are full-bodied and known to have dry texture.
Common types: Pinot Noir, Merlot, Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel
Grape skins are removed when making white wine. This explains the absence of tint and any tinge of deep color in white wine.
Common types: Chardonnay, Champagne, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Gris, Riesling
This is also made from dark colored grapes. Unlike red wine, the grape skins are removed shortly after the winemaking process has begun. It is characterized by its pink color and sweet taste.
Common types: Grenache, Mourvedre, Carignan, Sangiovese, Cinsault
Flavor Profiles of Wine
There is no exact word to perfectly describe that distinct flavor only tasted in wine. Wines are made up of grapes but hints of other fruits can also be tasted. Wine gives off flavors of baking and cooking spices as well. The countless flavors in a single wine are brought upon by its aroma.
Wine can be described by the following flavor notes:
- floral (such as jasmine, lilac, rose, etc.)
- citrusy (lemon, orange, lime, etc.)
- tree fruit (peach, apple, etc.)
- red fruit (cherry, raspberry, plum, etc.)
- black fruit (black currant, blueberry, black cherry, etc.)
- earthy (clay, wet gravel, volcanic rocks, etc.)
- spiced (mint, cinnamon, anise, etc.)
- oaky (vanilla, tobacco, coconut, etc.)
These are just some of the flavor notes to expect when having your next sip of wine. Knowing these flavor notes allows you to appreciate the wine’s taste and helps you easily talk about your favorite wine.